Jumat, 16 Oktober 2015

 10/16/2015 06:52:00 PM      1 comment
Advanced search operators are query words or symbols that perform special actions in Gmail search. These operators allow you to find what you're looking for quickly and accurately. They can also be used to set up filters so you can organize your inbox automatically. Some of the most useful operators are listed below.
You can also refine your search by clicking the arrow in the search box.

OperatorDefinitionExamples
from:Used to specify the senderExample: from:amy
Meaning: Messages from Amy
to:Used to specify a recipientExample: to:david
Meaning: All messages that were sent to David (by you or someone else)
subject:Search for words in the subject lineExample: subject:dinner
Meaning: Messages that have the word "dinner" in the subject
ORSearch for messages matching term A or term B*
*OR must be in all caps
Example: from:amy OR from:david
Meaning: Messages from Amy or from David
-
(hyphen)
Used to exclude messages from your searchExample: dinner -movie
Meaning: Messages that contain the word "dinner" but do not contain the word "movie"
label:Search for messages by labelExample: from:amy label:friends
Meaning: Messages from Amy that have the label "friends"
Example: from:david label:my-family
Meaning: Messages from David that have the label "My Family"
has:attachmentSearch for messages with an attachmentExample: from:david has:attachment
Meaning: Messages from David that have an attachment
list:Search for messages on mailing listsExample: list:info@example.com
Meaning: Messages with the words info@example.com in the headers, sent to or from this list
filename:Search for an attachment by name or typeExample: filename:physicshomework.txt
Meaning: Messages with an attachment named "physicshomework.txt"
Example: label:work filename:pdf
Meaning: Messages labeled "work" that also have a PDF file as an attachment
" "(quotes)Used to search for an exact phrase*
*Capitalization isn't taken into consideration
Example: "i'm feeling lucky"
Meaning: Messages containing the phrase "i'm feeling lucky" or "I'm feeling lucky"
Example: subject:"dinner and a movie"
Meaning: Messages containing the phrase "dinner and a movie" in the subject
( )Used to group words
Used to specify terms that shouldn't be excluded
Example: from:amy (dinner OR movie)
Meaning: Messages from Amy that contain either the word "dinner" or the word "movie"
Example: subject:(dinner movie)
Meaning: Messages in which the subject contains both the word "dinner" and the word "movie"
in:anywhereSearch for messages anywhere in Gmail*
*Messages in Spam and Trashare excluded from searches by default
Example: in:anywhere movie 
Meaning: Messages in All MailSpam, andTrash that contain the word "movie"
in:inbox
in:trash
in:spam
Search for messages in Inbox,Trash, or SpamExample: in:trash from:amy
Meaning: Messages from Amy that are inTrash
is:important
label:important
Search within messages thatPriority Inbox considers important.Example: is:important from:janet
Meaning: Messages from Janet that were marked as important by Priority Inbox
is:starred
is:unread
is:read
Search for messages that are starred, unread, or readExample: is:read is:starred from:David
Meaning: Messages from David that have been read and are marked with a star
has:yellow-star
has:red-star
has:orange-star
has:green-star
has:blue-star
has:purple-star
has:red-bang
has:orange-guillemet
has:yellow-bang
has:green-check
has:blue-info
has:purple-question
Search for messages with a particular starExample: has:purple-star from:David
Meaning: Messages from David that are marked with a purple star
cc:
bcc:
Used to specify recipients in thecc: or bcc: fields*
*Search on bcc: cannot retrieve messages on which you were blind carbon copied
Example: cc:david 
Meaning: Messages that were cc-ed to David
after:
before:
older:
newer:
Search for messages sent or received during a certain period of time
(using the date format yyyy/mm/dd)
Example: after:2004/04/16 before:2004/04/18 
Meaning: Messages sent between April 16, 2004 and April 18, 2004.*
*More precisely: Messages sent after 12:00 AM (or 00:00) April 16, 2004 and before April 18, 2004.
older_than
newer_than
Similar to older and newer, but allows relative dates using dm, and y for daymonth, and yearExample: newer_than:2d
Meaning: Finds messages sent within the last two days.
is:chatSearch for chat messagesExample: is:chat monkey
Meaning: Any chat message including the word "monkey."
deliveredto:Search for messages within a particular email address in the Delivered-To line of the message headerExample: deliveredto:username@gmail.com
Meaning: Any message with username@gmail.com in the Delivered-To: field of the message header (which can help you find messages forwarded from another account or ones sent to an alias).
circle:Search for messages that were sent from someone who you added to a particular Google+ circleExample: circle:friends
Meaning: Any message that was sent by a person in your "Friends" circle.

Examples: circle:"soccer friends (team blue)" or circle:"my \"fab four\""
Notes: For circle names that include a space, parentheses, curly brackets, or vertical bar, add quotes around the name. For names that include quotes, add a back slash immediately before the quotes.
has:circleSearch for all messages that were sent from someone who you added to your Google+ circlesExample: has:circle 
Meaning: Any message that was sent by a person in any of your circles.
category:Search for messages within a categoryExample: category:updates
Meaning: All messages in the Updates category.

Example: category:social Mindy
Meaning: Messages in the Social category that include “Mindy.”
size:Search for messages larger than the specified size in bytesExample: size:1000000 
Meaning: All messages larger than 1MB (1,000,000 bytes) in size.
larger:
smaller:
Similar to size: but allows abbreviations for numbersExample: larger:10M 
Meaning: All messages of at least 10M bytes (10,000,000 bytes) in size.
+
(plus sign)
Match the search term exactlyExample: +unicorn 
Meaning: Finds messages containing “unicorn” but not “unicorns” or “unciorn”
rfc822msgid:Find a message by the message-id headerExample:rfc822msgid:200503292@example.com
Meaning: Locates the exact message with the specified SMTP message-id. Learn more about headers.
has:userlabels
has:nouserlabels
Search for messages that have and have not had labels that you created applied to them.
NOTE: Gmail applies labels to individual messages, not to conversation threads.
Example: has:nouserlabels
Meaning: Finds all messages without any of your own labels (excludes automatic labels like inbox, spam, and trash). Since Gmail applies labels to individual messages, you might see results that appear to have labels; in this case, another message in the same conversation thread has had a label applied to it.

Boolean operators

You can use boolean operators such as 'OR' when searching in Gmail.
For example, to look for messages from username@gmail.com and messages that contain the subject line 'Meeting reminder', you can enter 'username@gmail.com OR meeting reminder' in your Gmail search box.
Using these along with Gmail's advanced operators can be a great way of making your search criteria more powerful.
The 'or' function in Gmail is represented by 'OR,' and the 'not' function is represented by a minus (-). You also can use quotes (" ") to specify an exact phrase.
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